As first responders, we want to make sure you have all the
information you may need if you encounter someone who is experiencing flu like
symptoms. We will be covering the highlights through in-person trainings
for the next couple morning meetings.
Here are our morning meeting talking points and the
active links to resources from the CDC:
on Standard and Transmission- Based Precautions.
The CDC recommends Standard Precautions for the care of
all patients, regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status.
Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body
fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether
or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.
Standard precautions are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of
microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection.
Standard precautions includes the use of: hand washing, appropriate
personal protective equipment such as gloves, gowns, masks, whenever touching
or exposure to patients’ body fluids is anticipated.
§ Transmission-Based Precautions (i.e., Airborne Precautions,
Droplet Precautions, and Contact Precautions), are recommended to provide
additional precautions beyond Standard Precautions to interrupt transmission of
pathogens in hospitals.
Transmission-based precautions can be used for patients with
known or suspected to be infected or colonized with epidemiologically important
pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne or droplet transmission or by
contact with dry skin or contaminated surfaces. These precautions should be
used in addition to standard precautions.
Airborne Precautions used for infections spread in
small particles in the air such as chicken pox.
Droplet Precautions used for infections spread in
large droplets by coughing, talking, or sneezing such as influenza, COVID 19.
Contact Precautions used for infections spread by
skin to skin contact or contact with other surfaces such as herpes simplex
Airborne Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Contact
Precautions. May be combined for diseases that have multiple routes of
transmission. When used either singularly or in combination, they are to be
used in addition to Standard Precautions.
Training on COVID 19 signs, symptoms and transmission.
CDC guidance on COVID-19 virus for first responders in the US (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/guidance-for-ems.html.
Use of appropriate PPE before caring for patient(s) suspected of
A single pair of disposable patient examination gloves. Change
gloves if they become torn or heavily contaminated
Respiratory protection (i.e., N-95 or higher-level respirator)
Eye protection (i.e., goggles or disposable face shield that
fully covers the front and sides of the face). Acceptable practice is to
use snowsports goggles.
Application of facemask to patient. If a nasal
cannula is in place, a facemask should be worn over the nasal cannula.
Alternatively, an oxygen mask can be used if clinically indicated.
Limiting number of providers to essential personnel to minimize
Ensure there is enough stock of required PPE. Order
adequate stock as needed to get through the remainder of the season.
We don’t want to be over-alarming, but we want to be well
informed and have all the resources available.